Health and Medical

Healthcare Sector in Pune City The Indian medical and healthcare sector is expected to become the US $ 280 billion industry by 2020 with 14% spending on health growing 14% annually. Its estimated GDP spend is 8% in 2012 from 5.5% in 2009. It is believed to be the next big thing after IT. At present, the sector stands at the US $ 40 billion and estimated to grow to US$ 78.6 billion by 2012. (IBEF research) The sector has grown at 9.3% between 2000 to 2009, which is comparable to the growth in BRIC countries. According to the Yes bank report, the future growth of this sector will be driven by private and public sector, medical diagnostic, path labs and medical insurance sector.
Diagnostic likely to contribute US dollar 2.5 billion to the healthcare industry by 2012. According to the report of Ernst & Young, India will require around 1.75 million beds by the end of 2025. The public sector is likely to contribute 15-20% of the total investment of US $ 86 billion.

Corporate India, taking note of this has been tapping this potential and expanding healthcare brands.
Though this sector is at nascent stage currently, it has a good potential in future. 4.2 Origin and Development of Healthcare Sector in Pune City From a traditional city with an agro-based economy, Pune has steadily metamorphosed into an industrial and educational centre, crowned with labels like the Detroit of India and the Oxford of the East. It is also emerging as one of India’s top tech cities as well as a significant agro-business centre. In 1960, MIDC set up a huge industrial estate on 4000 acres of land at Bhosari, leading to a spate of engineering-ancillary industries. Later, the city witnessed the entry of auto majors such as Tata Motors, Bajaj Auto and Bharat Forge Ltd.
Today, the city is home to Kinetic Engineering, Force Motors (previously known as Bajaj Tempo), Daimler Chrysler and Cummins Engines Co Ltd. Education has been another stronghold of Pune. Starting with the establishment of the Deccan Education Society in 1880, the city has nurtured six universities, which have 600 functional colleges and PG departments in their fold.TCS, Wipro, Infosys, Mahindra British Telecom, Mastek and PCS have a significant presence in the city. Global majors like HSBC Global Technology, IBM, Sasken, Avaya, T-systems and Syntel also have set their base in Pune. During the last eight years, the IT business in Pune has grown from Rs. 250 crores to Rs.6500 crores. Finally, the city has been coming up as an agro-business centre.
The hinterland of Pune is known for the cultivation of sugar and grapes, horticulture, and floriculture. As a corollary, several value-added industries like food processing units have sprung up and flourished in and around Pune, abetted by Pune’s physical proximity to the demand-driven markets of Mumbai, Nasik, Nagpur, Aurangabad and the like. Supported by its strong economic base, Pune today nourishes a range of diversified activities. With the economy in a growth phase and with the local talent available in plenty, Pune’s growth is expected to continue at 107 a faster pace, boosted by various policies and programs of the Government of India (GoI). In the last 50 years, the city’s population has grown by more than five times; currently, in excess of three million, the city’s population is expected to cross five million by 2021. The growth in population testifies to the vibrancy of its economic activity. According to Rural Healthcare Sector report 2009, rural sector, in the last five years has been added with around 15,000 health sub-centres and 28,000 nurses and midwives. Primary health centres have increased by 84%. Indian medical technology industry is thriving too. It is likely to touch the US $ 14 billion by 2020 from the US $ 2.7 billion in 2008 on the account of robust economic growth, new technology and private investments in healthcare. (PWC report) The Indian health insurance market has been evolving as a new growth avenue for existing and new players. It is the fastest growing non-life insurance segment in India. It has posted the record growth in the last two fiscals, i.e. 2008-09 and 2009- 10. As per the RNCOS report, the health insurance premium is expected to grow at 108 CAGR of over 25% for the period spanning from 2009-10 to 2013-14. Investment in healthcare has been growing too. As per DIPP, the drugs and Pharma sector has FDI worth US$ 1.82 billion between April 2000 to September 2010, while hospitals and diagnostic centres have received FDI worth US$ 955.10 million during the same period. 4.3 Issues behind the development of the Healthcare Sector in Pune City: As far as Medical Insurance market is concerned, only 10% of payment is done through insurance in Pune. No hospital in Pune has NABH and JCI accreditation; which is required to facilitate medical tourism here. As far as infrastructure is concerned, there are 0.8 Doctors per 1000 population, so as, 1.06 Nurses, 0.5 Physicians, and 1.07 Beds per 1000 population. But there is demand for 1.5 Doctors, 3.45 Nurses, 1.8 Physicians and 3.96 Beds respectively per 1000 population. This Gap analysis calls for some attention. We only hope that this city has a more healthy population and well-equipped hospitals nourishing them!! One of the important areas that need to be addressed as a part of the urban management process is health services. The population in our country suffers from many diseases in spite of the various 109 healthcare programs. This is all because of lack of management of facilities, optimum route to the hospital, slum area development and lack of knowledge about technologies. This health analysis and studies can be grouped into three main areas, which are a. Different diseases b. Distribution of hospital in different areas c. Health care facility and utilization In this research the researcher has concentrated on the two points of distribution of hospitals and availability and utilization of health care facility.
Analyzing the distribution of hospitals is an important criterion in a health care facility because every category of the population should get access to the hospital facility optimally besides various other parameters. Health care facility and utilization are concerned with all the issues that are related to the locations and facilities. These issues include the optimal location of hospitals and clinics, the relationship between existing locations and health care needs and assessment of hospitals and the assessment of facilities. This study was focused on the City of PUNE and the distribution of hospitals in the region restricting to Pune Municipal Corporation.
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